Teething Tips

Teething Tips by Famhealth

From the time your child’s first tooth emerges to how much pain it causes, teething is a different experience for every child. Here’s how to spot the signs that your baby is teething so you know how to treat the discomfort.

These are common signs of teething:

  • Drooling
  • Swollen, bulging gums
  • A tooth visible below the gum
  • Irritability
  • Trouble sleeping
  • Trying to bite, chew, and suck on everything
  • Rubbing her face
  • Rejecting food
  • Grabbing her ears

If your teething baby seems uncomfortable, consider these simple tips:

  • Rub your baby’s gums. Use a clean finger or moistened gauze pad to rub your baby’s gums. All you need is a clean finger for this old-fashioned teething remedy. Gentle counter-pressure from Mom or Dad applied to a baby’s sore gums can help ease the pain of teething
  • Keep it cool. A cold washcloth, spoon or chilled teething ring can be soothing on a baby’s gums. Don’t give your baby a frozen teething ring, however. Contact with extreme cold can be harmful. Try hard foods   
  • Use cold or frozen objects. Giving cold or frozen objects to your baby to chew on can help distract them from crying. In addition, it puts the baby’s mouth and gums at ease. Another useful remedy for teething babies is ice cubes.
  • Soothe Painful Gums. Normally, babies are able to find items they can chew on to help relieve the pressure
  • Give Painkillers in a Safe Way if advised by Doctors.
  • Create a Nice Environment.
  • Feed Soft Foods.
  • Maintain Bedtime Routine.
  • Deal with the Cry.

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S.NOVaccinePreventsMinimum Age for Dose 1               Interval BetweenDose 1 and Dose 2    Interval Between Dose 2 and Dose 3Interval Between Dose 3 and Dose 4Interval Between Dose 4 and Dose 5
1BCGTB & bladder cancerBirth    
2HepB Hepatitis BBirth4 weeks8 weeks  
3Poliovirus PolioBirth4 weeks4 weeks  
4DTPDiphtheria, Tetanus & Pertussis6 weeks4 weeks4 weeks6 months (Booster 1)3 years (Booster 2)
5HibInfections caused by Bacteria6 weeks4 weeks4 weeks6 months (Booster 1) 
6PCVPneumonia6 weeks4 weeks4 weeks6 months (Booster 1) 
7RVSevere Diarrheal Disease6 weeks4 weeks4 weeks  
8TyphoidTyphoid Fever, Diarrhea9 months15 months (Booster 1)   
9MMRMeasles, Mumps & Rubella9 months6 months   
10Varicella Chickenpox1 year3 months   
11HepALiver disease1 year6 months   
12TdapDiphtheria, Tetanus & Pertussis7 year    
13HPVSome Cancers & Warts9 yearFor Child aged 9-14 years: 6 months. For Child aged 15 or more: 1 monthFor Child aged 15 or more: 5 months  

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Babycare – Ear and Nails

Nail Care

Babycare - Ear and Nails by Famhealth
  • The baby’s nails are softer then the adult nails
  • Babies nails are sharp and a newborn, who has little control over his flailing limbs, can easily end up scratching his own face.
  •  Longer nails also easily become ingrown, and in turn, infected.
  •  Little fingernails grow so fast you may have to cut them as often as a few times a week.
  • Toenails require less-frequent trimming.


  • Wash your hands.
  • The best time to trim nails is while he is sleeping, and after a recent bath when they are still very soft.
  • Press the finger pad away from the nail to avoid nicking the skin, keep a firm hold on your child’s hand as you clip, and cut straight across.
  • It might be easier and safer to use a nail file.
  • Clean the Baby hand with wet wipe and Replace the articles.
  • Wash your hands using 7 steps.

Ear Care

Ear and Nails by Famhealth

How to clean ears of a baby

  • You don’t need to clean the inside of your baby’s ears. Wash behind his ears where spit-up milk can run.
  • It’s OK to get water in your baby’s ears.
  • Don’t try to dry the inside of your baby’s ears with cotton swabs (Q-tips); you can damage the eardrum.
  • Because a cotton swab is often what causes a wax buildup in the first place, you should never use one to clean a baby’s ear canals,
  • To get the water out, just gently turn her head to the side and let the water run out, then dry the outside of the ear with a soft towel.

How to take care of ear piercing?

We need to take precautions before and after piercing the ear.

The main precautions which we should follow before piercing is:-

Avoiding blood thinners: – Aspirin, alcohol and excessive amounts of caffeine are all blood thinners, so we should avoid these things the day you get pierced. If ignored it can leads to bleeding.

Precautions after piercing the ear:-

There are numbers of precautions to be taken after ear piercing. Hygiene is important to avoid the infection. Other precautions are: –

  • Wash your hands with antibacterial soap to avoid chances of infection.
  • Avoid touching the pierced area often.
  • Starter earrings- do not remove them prematurely; piercings may close or heal improperly.
  • Do not change the earrings for the first time eight weeks after getting pierced.
  • Do not use soap as it is harmful for healing ear piercings. It can dry out your skin and make more susceptible for developing a piercing infection.
  • Be careful with items that could snag your earrings. Hats, scarves, and other items that may catch on your earrings should be worn with care.
  • Avoid getting shampoo, conditioner, and other hair products on your ears, since the ingredients in these products could lead to an infection.
  • Sleeping with ear against the pillow can irritate your piercings.
  • Clean them three times a day
  • Clean both the front and the back of the piercing; making sure the entire area gets covered.
  • Gently rotate the earring two or three times to make sure the antiseptic gets inside the piercing.

See a doctor if there is any pus discharge, excessive itching, redness, and extreme pain are signs of an infection. Either remove the earring immediately yourself, or if it is too painful, have a doctor remove it.

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Content Courtesy : Portea

Breast pump and storage

Breast pump and storage by Famhealth

Breast pump and storage

Expressing milk means squeezing milk out of the breast with the help of pump or by hand.

When should you express milk?

  • To collect milk to feed a premature baby or one who can’t latch on to your breast
  • When mother needs rest .
  • When mother goes to work
  • When the breasts are too engorged or swollen due to excess milk production.
  • Flat nipples
  • To keep your milk supply up if your healthcare provider advises you to stop nursing temporarily because you’re taking medication that might be harmful to your baby (this is rarely necessary) or if you’re hospitalized for a short time and can’t breastfeed throughout the day.

There are 2 ways breast milk can be expressed:

  • Manual or by Hand
  • Using Breast pump (Manual and electrical pump)

Preparation for expressing breast milk:

  • Find a quiet, comfortable place to sit.
  • Have a glass of milk or warm water or some snack.
  • Plug in your pump or make sure it has working batteries.
  • Wash your hands with soap and water. 
  • Assemble the pump kit.
  • Clean the breast with warm water with the help of cotton.

Using a manual Breast pump:

  • Place the breast shield over your nipple. Make sure that you have the appropriate-sized shield for your breast. Selecting an inappropriately sized shield can result in failed suction efforts, pain, and irritation.
  • Use the squeeze or plunging mechanism to begin pumping. Hold the shield in place with one hand and squeeze the mechanism with the other. The milk will begin pumping into the bottle.
  • Reposition the pump’s handle if necessary. Changing the position of the pump’s handle can affect its suction ability, so move it around until you find an appropriate suction level that makes your breast pumping efforts easier.
  • Try leaning forward to make milk express more easily.  Remember that at the beginning milk flows drop by drop and gradually it increases the flow when pumping is happening continuously.
  • Continue until the milk flow slows. When pumping with a manual pump, it usually takes about 45 minutes.

Using an electrical ot battery operated pump:

  • Position the breast shield over your nipple correctly. 
  • Turn the machine on and let it work. The milk will automatically begin pumping from your breast into the container.
  • Adjust the automatic suction as necessary. If the milk seems to be pumping slowly or the suction feels painful, adjust it. Try repositioning your breasts and the rest of your body. The process should not be painful, although it may feel strange at first.
  • Remain calm while the suction occurs.  However, if you’re relaxed, you will often produce more milk in less time than you would while anxious.
  • Continue until the milk flow slows. When using an electric or battery-operated pump, you should be finished within 15 to 20 minutes.


  • Keep going! You’ll find pumping gets quicker and easier with practice.
  • Get relaxed. The pumping process is easiest and least uncomfortable when you’re feeling relaxed and calm.
  • Always clean your breast pump and its removable parts after a breast pumping session to avoid contamination.

Storing milk:

  • Mum’s milk can be kept at room temperature for upto 6 hours 
  • You can store mum’s milk in the fridge for up to 5 days at 4C or lower (usually at the back, never in the door).
  •  Mum’s milk can be stored for 2 weeks in the ice compartment of a fridge or for up to 6 months in a freezer.
  • Store away from meat products, eggs or any uncooked foods. Use the back of the fridge and not the door.
  • The more often the fridge door is opened, the more likely the temperature will rise.
  • Try to check the temperature of Every fridge (or bag) used for storing your milk each time you use it.

Using stored breast milk:

  • Don’t use a microwave or gas stove  to heat up or defrost breast milk as it can cause hot spots, which can burn your baby’s mouth.
  • Heat Refrigerated expressed breast milk by placing in warm water
  • Check the temperature before feeding the baby use defrosted breast milk immediately and throw away any unused milk.
  • If the milk smells sour -DO NOT USE.
  • When stored, the cream and milk may separate out. This is normal. Shake gently to mix before use.
  • Some babies are reluctant to take expressed breast milk, particularly at first. Try offering milk from a cup or spoon.

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