Measles is a highly contagious infection caused by the measlesvirus. Initial signs and symptoms typically include fever, often greater than 40 °C (104.0 °F), cough, runny nose, and inflamed eyes. Two or three days after the start of symptoms, small white spots may form inside the mouth, known as Koplik’s spots.
A runny or blocked nose
Sneezing, watery eyes and swollen eyelids
Red eyes that may be sensitive to light
A high temperature which may lead to 40. C (104F)
Small greyish white-spots in the mouth
Aches and pains
A cough and loss of appetite
Tiredness, irritability and general lack of energy.
There is no specific treatment for measles, but the condition usually improves within 7 to 10 days. Stay away from school or work for at least four days.
If the symptoms of measles are causing discomfort for you or your child, there are some things you can do to treat these while you wait for your body to fight off the virus.
Dr. May advise some medicine to reduce a high temperature (fever) and relieve any aches or pains if your child is uncomfortable.
If your child has a high temperature, make sure they drink plenty of fluids as they may be at risk of dehydration.
The measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccine is routinely given at 12 to 15 months of age, followed by a booster shot before entering school at the age of 4 to 6 years.
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Babies have crying bouts throughout the first year as this is their only means of communicating for food and comfort.
When your baby cries, your first instinct will be to pick them up. While there have been conflicting views on this topic, let your instinct guide you and do not be afraid of spoiling the baby.
Your baby is new to the world and needs to know that you are reliable and always available. However, if you feel that your baby is crying a lot and that it is making you lose patience or get over tired, get in touch with other mothers, self help and support groups or voluntary organizations which can help you find ways to cope. Let’s explore reasons why the baby may cry and what solutions are available to you.
Why Your Baby May Be Crying
If the crying sounds pitiful or different from normal, the baby may be unwell or a blocked nose could be the cause of the problem. Other possible reasons may be:
Nappy rash or sore bottom
Being too hot or too cold
During the process of bathing or dressing etc
Your own bad mood may cause your baby to react with crying bouts.
Too much fussing may be upsetting the baby
Ways to Pacify a Crying Baby
If you fear your baby may be ill, do not hesitate to call a doctor as he may prescribe some remedies such nasal drops to help the baby breathe better and thus calm down
If the baby has a sore bottom, take the nappy off and clean the bottom thoroughly. You may leave off the nappy for the rest of the day.
If your baby is suffering from colic, try not to resort to medications at first and soothe the baby by rocking or take the baby out for a walk around the block.
Avoid over heating or over chilling the baby’s room. The ideal room temperature for the baby is what is comfortable for lightly clothed adults.
The baby may be hungry or thirsty so offer a feed or water
The baby may need attention through a cuddle or may have gas that is relieved by rocking rhythmically in your arms or in a rocking chair
Wrap the baby firmly in a shawl, tucking the ends to make a bundle. This process called a ‘swaddle’ makes a baby feel safe and secure.
Another way to calm the baby is by gently patting the tummy or back to calm them or to relieve gas in the tummy.
A pacifier or something to suck ,which is sterilized properly is another common remedy
Babies love bright colorful things so distracting them with a picture book, a mirror or a new toy may also work.
Crying is a normal process, which all babies show. However, ask your health care provider if your child is showing continuous bouts of crying in spite of all your efforts. Doctor can perform an examination which can depict some medical condition which you might not be able to figure it out.
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