Check List for New Dads

Check List for New Dads by Famhealth

Involvement with your child is critical. These are some ways to form a bond and develop a close relationship with your child from an early start. Start off on the right path, make the commitment to spend time with your baby, and relax, you’re going to be a great dad.

Before baby arrives:

  • To attend antenatal classes with your partner and do some research of your own.
  • The baby arrives will allow them to get to know your voice which will help to comfort them once they arrived.
  • Thank everyone and anyone who helps you, whether they’ve offered or you have to ask them to
  • Get to know the bump! Reading, singing and talking to your partners bump even before baby arrives will allow them to get to know your voice which will then help to comfort them once they arrive.

 

Once baby arrives:

  • Wash your hands before touching baby or use hand rub.
  • Try to support your partner as much as possible by making a few meals.
  • Support your partner while breast feeding.
  • Make sure you get lot of skin to skin contact with Baby.
  • Should know the importance of breast feeding.
  • Support your partner to come out of night mares and night terrors.

Baby Care

  • Know baby hunger clues: chewing on fingers, smacking lips, rooting for breast, crying
  • Talk, sing, and play with baby
  • Keep cord and/or circumcision clean and dry
  • Call lactation consultant with breastfeeding problems
  • Take an infant CPR/First Aid class
  • Have a frustration action plan
  • Go to well-baby check-up appointments
  • You and your partner will be sleep deprived. Sleep in shifts

To read more on Baby care, click on the link below,

New Born

Travelling with Baby

Travelling with Baby by Famhealth

Little travelers need a surprising amount of stuff!

Here is a checklist of items that make traveling much easier.

Packing Checklist:

  • Diapers (carry extras incase of delay)
  • Pad/rubber sheet (to put under your baby during diaper changes)
  • Blankets 1 or 2 (cover your baby and cover yourself)
  • Plastic bags (Carry a variety of sizes for storing soiled diapers, clothes, and blankets.)
  • Diaper rash cream.
  • Wipes.
  • Sanitizer, baby wash, and baby lotion.
  • Tissues.
  • A few of your baby’s favorite toys.
  • Clothes, socks, and booties or shoes (One to two outfits per day is a good guideline.)
  • Washable bibs
  • Sun hat
  • Lightweight plastic feeding set with utensils, and baby food
    If your baby’s eating solid foods.
  • Sterilizer (if staying outside more than 1 day)
  • Formula, water, and juice if appropriate
  • Extra bottles, nipples, and sippy cups if appropriate
  • Energy-boosting snacks for you to munch on
  • Breast pump (if you use one)
  • Nightlight (So you can keep the room lighting soothingly low during middle-of-the-night diaper changes)
  • First-aid kit (Baby pain reliever and supplies for treating minor injuries, fever etc.)
  • Sling or front carrier
  • Portable crib or play yard – A safe place for your baby to sleep or play.
  • Inflatable baby bathtub (Can make bath time easier at your destination).
  • Car seat for safer travel by car or plane
  • Collapsible stroller (If you are using it).
     

Preparation techniques:

  • Start preparing to pack a few days before you travel. Keep a running list of things to take, or put items out on a table or dresser as you think of them.
  • Pack each of your baby’s outfits in its own zipped plastic bag so you don’t have to hunt around for tiny socks, shirts, and so on.
  • Take the phone number for your baby’s healthcare provider in case you have questions while you’re on the road.

To read more on Baby care, click on the link below,

New Born

Great tools- Rocker/ Strolley/ Pram

Great tools- Rocker/ Strolley/ Pram by Famhealth

Key difference: Baby Pram and Stroller, are wheeled devices which are used to carry children. A baby pram is like a cradle in which babies can lie, whereas a stroller is like a chair in which babies can sit upright.

Rocker:

A bouncer is a seat suitable from birth until about 6 months that doesn’t rock, but is slightly flexible so that it moves slightly when you push it or when your baby kicks as she gets older. A bouncer usually has a bar with toys and lights, and some have music and vibrating options to help soothe your baby.

Buying Tips:

  • Modern gliders take up more room, but they come with comfy cushions. Add an ottoman so you have a place to rest tired feet.
  • When you shop, give each rocker or glider a test ride. It should move smoothly and silently. You don’t want your sleeping baby awakened to a symphony of squeaks and creaks.
  • The seat should be big enough to comfortably fit you and your growing baby.
  • Make sure the headrest is high enough so you can lean back against it. You’ll appreciate that feature during those exhausting late-night feedings.
  • Choose an easy-to-wash fabric. You’ll want it to come clean after baby spit-ups and spills.
  • Choose a colour that helps calm baby. Blue or green are good color choices.

 

Strolley:

A vehicle for moving a baby around that consists of a small bed supported by a frame on four wheels.

Buying Tips:

  • To keep baby secure, look for a T-shaped buckle that goes around your baby’s waist and straps between the legs.
  • The stroller should have brakes on the back wheels and locking front wheels.
  • When buying a stroller for two, tandem models (where one baby sits in front of the other) are easier to manoeuvre than side-by-side. 
  • The stroller seat should recline all the way back for your new-born, and adjust back up to a seat as your baby grows.

 Pram:

A pram is designed to carry new-borns and younger babies, usually while they’re lying down. It’s sturdy and generally can’t be folded flat. A stroller is lightweight and collapsible, ideal for older babies. A buggy can be a pushchair or a stroller, depending on who you ask!

Buying tips:

  • If you’re always on the go, buy a lightweight umbrella stroller. Just make sure it fully reclines.
  • Need a place to hold all your baby gear? A full-sized stroller will give you more storage room.
  • It should be solid, with a wide wheel base. When you push lightly on the handles, it shouldn’t tip backwards.
  • Make sure you can open the stroller easily with one hand. You don’t want to wrestle with it while holding baby in your other arm.
  • To keep baby secure, look for a T-shaped buckle that goes around your baby’s waist and straps between the legs.
  • When buying a stroller for two, tandem models (where one baby sits in front of the other) are easier to manoeuvre than side-by-side.

To read more on Baby care, click on the link below,

New Born

Holding a newborn baby

Holding a newborn baby by Famhealth

All of us love to cuddle and hold a baby .But most of us are sceptical of how to hold a small baby. Below are some of the steps that can make newborn handling much easier and safer viz:

Step 1: Wash your hands-Always make sure your hands are clean before you pick up your baby. Baby’s immune system is still developing, so any germs you carry may make them sick. While lathering with soap and warm water works well, consider keeping hand sanitizer around for guests who also want to cuddle your little one. Clean your hands each time before holding your baby.

Step 2: Get comfortable-Comfort is one of the most important things about holding your baby. Not only do you want to feel physically comfortable, but you also want to feel confident in your hold.

Step 3: Provide support-When holding a newborn, it’s very important to always have a hand to support the head and neck. After all, your baby’s head is the heaviest part of their body at birth. Pay special attention to baby’s fontanelles, which are the soft spots on the top of their head.

Newborns lack the critical neck muscle control to keep their heads supported on their own. This milestone isn’t usually reached until closer to FOUR months.

Step 4: Choose your position-Holding starts with picking baby up. When you go to lift your baby, place one hand under their head and another under their bottom. From there, raise their body to your chest level. As long as you’re supporting baby’s head and neck, the position is up to you. There are a variety of holds you and your baby might enjoy. Some of these positions are also great for breast-feeding or burping. Various positions are as follows viz

Cradle Hold

The cradle hold is one of the easiest and best ways to hold your newborn for the first several weeks of life:

  • With your baby horizontal at your chest level, slide your hand from their bottom up to support their neck.
  • Gently nudge baby’s head into the crook of your elbow.
  • While still cradling their head, move your hand from the supporting arm to their bottom.
  • Your free arm will be able to do other things or provide extra support.

Shoulder hold

  • With baby’s body parallel with your own, lift their head to shoulder height.
  • Rest their head on your chest and shoulder so they can look out behind you.
  • Keep one hand on their head and neck, and your other supporting baby’s bottom. This position may also allow baby to hear your heartbeat.

Belly hold

  • Lay your baby, stomach down, across your forearm with the head up toward your elbow.
  • Their feet should land on either side of your hand, angled closer to the ground so the baby is at a slight angle.
  • This position is helpful if baby is gassy and needs to be burped. Gently stroke baby’s back to work out the gas.

Lap hold

  • Sit in a chair with your feet firmly on the ground and place your baby in your lap. Their head should be at your knees, face up.
  • Lift their head up with both of your hands for support and your forearms under their body. Baby’s feet should be tucked in at your waist

Do’s:

  • Try skin-to-skin contact while holding baby. It’s a great way to bond and keep them warm. You can strip baby down to their diaper, place them against your bare chest, and cover with a blanket.
  • Choose a seated position if you feel nervous about holding baby. Sitting down is also a good idea for anyone who might not have the strength to support baby’s weight, like children and older individuals.
  • Use a baby carrier  for hands-free holding. Follow all instructions on the carrier’s packaging. It suggests age-appropriate holds and positions.
  • Use an infant support pillow, when holding baby for extended periods of time or to help with breast-feeding.
  •  Hold your baby with both hands while you’re going up and down the stairs for added safety.

Dont’s

  • Do not cook or carry hot drinks while holding baby. Knives, flames, and excess heat are dangerous and could lead to injury by accident. Stay away from others who are working with those things near you.
  • Do not ever shake your baby, whether to play or to express frustration. Doing so can cause bleeding in the brain and even death.

To read more on Baby care, click on the link below,

New-Born

Baby Care Essentials

Baby Massage 

Baby Care Essentials 
Baby Massage by Famhealth

Body massage is given to baby for smoothening the skin, make the baby feel fresh, relaxed and to improve the blood circulation.

You can do body massage after bath or before bath. As per mother permission you can use oil or baby body lotion

Items Required:

  • Rubber or Plastic sheet
  • Baby body lotion or Oil
  • Wrapping cloth

Procedure:

  • Wash your hands
  • Collect the items required
  • Please switch of the A/C or Fan.
  • Spread the rubber sheet or plastic sheet over the bed or floor.
  • Take the oil in bowl, warm the oil if required and check the warmth before applying on Baby
  • Make the baby ready by removing the dress and napkins and place the baby on plastic sheet

Steps to follow:

  • Legs,
  • Calves,
  • Thighs,
  • Chest,
  • Tummy,
  • Both hands,
  • Face,
  • Back.

Leg: Take the oil or lotion apply over the base of the foot and massage with your thumb finger from the heel towards the toes for minimum 5 times, then spread the toes for 5 times.

Next, massage both the ankle joints in a rolling manner by using your thumb fingers for five times.

CalvesThere are two types of calves’ massage.

  • Swedish milking

Swedish milking: First apply oil or lotion over the legs then start massage from ankle joint to knee joint for 5 times (both the side) Then from knee joint to groin area for 5 times (both the side).

  • Indian milking– (Prefer to give type 1, If the mother ask for type 2 then u can also give type 2 massage.)

Indian milking: Massage starts from groin area towards foot. (This is optional only if mother ask)

Chest:Take the oil or lotion, apply over the chest to shoulder and massage from down to up and inner to outer side 5 times (like broadening the chest)

Next move your hands in a cross manner from left to right and right to left.

AbdomenApply oil or lotion over the abdomen and massage 5times from up to down then circular motion. (Always abdominal massage should do in the clockwise manner without touching umbilical cord).

Hands: Swedish milking is better for both the hands and legs than Indian milking. If you do Indian milking for the hands and legs, then end up with Swedish massage.

Face: Massage cheek gently with circular motion then forehead by using thumb. (Face massage is not compulsory)

Back: Apply oil and massage from up to down five times then massage from one side to another side for five times.

Buttocks: Massage the buttocks from down to up for 5times.

After completing the massage, Turn the baby slowly, place the baby on sheet, and wrap the baby in wrapping cloth.

Replace the articles in proper place.

Do’s:

  1. Always hands and legs massage should be done towards the heart.
  2. Always abdominal massage should be done only clockwise.

Don’ts:

  1. Do not turn babies below 3 months,
  2. Don’t do head massage,
  3. Do not apply oil over the head and face (except cheeks and forehead)

Baby Bath

Baby Bath by Famhealth

There is no need to give a newborn bath every day. In fact, bathing the baby more than several times a week can dry out his or her skin.

It does not matter when you give a bath and make sure do not do soon after a feed.

Itmes Required:

  • Bath tub
  • Bowl with 2-cotton ball for cleaning eyes
  • Body wash (Soap/ Shompoo)
  • Large Towel
  • Wrapping cloth
  • Alcohol swab for cord care
  • Baby dress, napkins or diaper
  • Dust bin.
  • Nail cutting scissor for nail cutting

Procedure:

  • Wash your hands thoroughly .
  •  Collect the items required
  • Add warm water and cold water in a tub up to 2-3 inches and check for the temperature of the water from the elbow. 
  • Remove the baby’s cloths and clean the diaper area top to bottom by using wet wipes. (Check if baby has passed urine or motion)

Steps to be followed:

  • Clean the both eyes with cotton balls inner cantus to outer cantus with clean water.
  • Next Clean the face with warm water. Remember, do not apply soap to the face  and do not touch the eyes.
  • Wet the hair with the water and apply shampoo, then gently clean the hair
  • Pour fresh warm water over the head.
  • Next, wet the front part of the body and apply shampoo then gently clean, attention needs to be given to the areas like under arm, neck, groin, middle of the fingers and folding parts.  (Remember Do not touch the umbilical cord).
  • Then turn the Baby slowly and give bath on the back for the baby.
  • Pour fresh warm water all over the body and place the baby in towel.
  • Dry the baby face first, then head and finally the body.

 More attention should be given while drying the areas like under arm, back of the ear, neck, groin, middle of the fingers, diaper area, folding parts and in between the toes.

  • Clean the umbilical cord from alcohol swab.
  • Put the baby dress and napkin or diaper and wrap the baby using wrapping cloth.
  • Wash your hands.
  • Finally can give the feed.

How to fix a diaper

diaper or a nappy is a type of underwear that allows the wearer to defecate or urinate without the use of a toilet, by absorbing or containing waste products to prevent soiling of outer clothing or the external environment. When diapers become soiled, they require changing, generally by a second person such as a parent or caregiver. Failure to change a diaper on a sufficiently regular basis can result in skin problems around the area covered by the diaper.

Steps to follow for fixing diaper:

  • Lay your baby on his back. Remove any clothing that inhibits access to the diaper. At this age, rompers are popular clothing items; they contain snaps for easy diaper access.
  • Remove the soiled diaper. For disposable diapers, pull up the sticky tabs. For reusable cloth diapers, remove the diaper cover and snaps or Velcro from around your baby’s waist.
  • Lift your baby up gently so you can scoot the diaper out from under his bottom.
  • Use wipes to clean your baby’s diaper region. Always wipe from front to back to avoid infection, especially for girls.
  • If the area is red or inflamed, soothe it with diaper ointment.
  • Wait for your baby’s skin to dry before putting on a fresh diaper.
  • Take a fresh diaper and place it under your baby. Bring the front part up on your baby’s stomach and fasten the tabs to secure the diaper on his waist.
  • Replace any clothing over the new diaper.

How to Prevent Diaper Rash

Take these precautions to take to prevent diaper rash. If you suspect a diaper rash is becoming infected, always call the doctor.

  • Check your infant’s diaper often (every two hours) and change it promptly.
  • Clean your infant’s diaper region thoroughly during changes.
  • Do not use scented wipes or soaps on your infant’s diaper region.
  • Pat, do not scrub, a baby’s bottom when drying your infant after a bath.
  • Avoid plastic pants and look out for skin marks, which indicate the diaper is too tight.

Dealing with nappy rashes

There may be red patches on the baby’s bottom, or the whole area may be red. The skin may look sore and feel hot to touch, and there may be spots, pimples or blisters.

Nappy rash can be caused by:

  • Prolonged contact with urine  or stools
  •  Sensitive skin
  •  Rubbing or chafing
  •  Soap, detergent or bubble bath
  •  Baby wipes
  •  Diarrhea or other illness

These simple steps will help:

  • Change wet or soiled nappies as soon as possible. Young babies need changing as many as 10 or 12 times a day; older babies at least six to eight times.
  • Always have a good supply of nappies.
  • Watch for any allergies to the wet wipes or soap etc.
  •  If you find redness on the diaper area, avoid using diapers and keep the area dry always.
  •  Use diaper rash cream as per doctor’s advice.

To read more on Baby care, click on the link below,

New Born

Content Courtesy : Portea

Baby Safety

Baby Safety by Famhealth

Baby Proofing is the act of making an environment or object safer for children.

Safety Tips for Toys

  • Walkers: Avoid them, as they are associated with high chances of head injuries.
  • Choking hazard: Do not buy small toys or toys with detachable parts less than a one rupee coin for children less than 3 years .Never give young children small balls, balloons – as a baby might swallow them or choke on them while playing with them.
  • Magnetic toys: Keep magnetic toys with powerful magnets, away from children under six years.
  • Toxic Chemicals: Avoid toys made of PVC plastic and lead painted wooden toys when buying a wooden toy specifically ask if the paint on it has lead in it.
  • Noise: Children’s ears are sensitive. If a toy makes sounds loud for your ear then it is probably too loud for your child.
  • Strangulation Hazard: Strings, plastic bags and ropes can get entangled around your child’s neck.

Around the house

  • Put rubber mats to prevent slipping. Check the furniture is stable. Keep heavy object such as books , electrical items, coins, house hold things,  etc keep in a safe place. Keep the house clean it prevent infections.
  • In The Kitchen, in lower cupboard contain non- breakable things and plastic items. Keep sharp items like knife, scissors  etc keep in upper cupboard .Keep the place clean . Don’t allow baby to come inside kitchen. Close the kitchen door always.
  • In The Bathroom, all beauty products ,cleaning products like floor cleaner, soap powder, toilet cleaner, soap, shampoo  etc keep in a lockable cupboard where baby hand not reach. Keep your bathroom clean. Close the bathroom door always.

Safety and Discipline

  • Around 9 months your baby will be naturally curious and will be moving quickly. When your see your child approaching a bad situation, remove him from the situation and say NO’ firmly. He may not yet be able to developmentally mind his parents and my repeat the act. This is not disobedience just natural curiosity and exploration. Do not punish your child, rather encourage his independence and exploration by providing a safe home.
  • No matter how safe your house is, children this age need constant watching unless they are in playpen or a crib.
  • They are prone to falling injuries. Use gates at stairs .Remove all sharp edged objects like glass –table and breakable objects from the ground.
  • Be sure crib mattresses are as low as possible. If the crib railing comes to children’s chest level, there are chance of your child falling from it.
  • Do not use table cloths, as children may grab these to pull themselves up, in turn risking falling of heavy or hot objects placed on them.
  • Put medicines and poisonous items like detergents, toilet cleaners etc. In high or locked up places.
  • Cover all electrical outlets and do not leave mobile charges etc. Hanging from them.
  • Turn the handles of pots and skillets away from stove edge .Keep the gas cylinder switched off when not in use.
  • Never leave your child alone in the bathtub, pool or bucket of water.

Baby Safety [crib or bed]

Providing a safe environment is an important part of caring for your new baby. Babies need to be safe at home and when they’re away from home. There are some simple things you can do to help keep your baby safe and secure. Always consult your healthcare professional if you have concerns about your baby.       

Good sleeping habits are important for your babies physical and emotional well beings. Babies under one year of age should sleep on their backs in their own cribs.

Baby Sleeping Safety.

  • All infants should be put down for sleep on their backs to reduce the risk for sudden Infant Death Syndrome, also called SIDS. Give your baby a pacifier before he goes to sleep. … Avoid soft bedding that might suffocate your baby, such as pillows, blankets, plush toys, and bumpers in the crib.
  • When you buy a crib, it comes with those ominous words: “Some Assembly Required.” Follow the instruction manual carefully, and make sure the hardware is tightened properly and that there are no sharp edges. After you start using it, check the crib periodically to make sure nothing has come loose.

To read more on Baby care, click on the link below,

New Born

Post Transplant Surgery Care

Post Transplant Surgery Care by Famhealth

After transplant, your decisions and dedication to your own self-care at home will be vital to your health and the success of your transplant. The following life style changes are advised .To have the best outcome as a transplant recipient.

  • Know all your medications: doses, times and why you are taking them and what to avoid while taking medications.
  • Follow your medication schedule daily and make changes only as ordered by your transplant physician.
  • Maintain routine contact with your transplant team through your transplant coordinator.
  • Attend follow-up appointments and/or transplant clinic as instructed.
  • Have blood tests drawn routinely as required.
  • Monitor your weight, blood pressure, and temperature as required.
  • Maintain a healthy lifestyle that includes a balanced diet, regular exercise, and routine check-ups.
  • Avoid smoking and drinking as it increase the chances of malignancies and vascular diseases (heart attacks and strokes)
  • If planning for a trip to abroad that requires immunization, you should ask the transplant team. Always carry the latest medical prescription and medicines.

Avoid infection by taking the following precautions.

  • Wash hands often and Stay away from people with colds or other infections.
  • If the patient has a wound and must change his own dressing, wash hands before and after.
  • Avoid handling animal waste and avoid contact with animals who roam outside.
  • Avoid working in the soil for 6 months after the transplant. Thereafter, wear gloves.

To read more on Patient Care, click on the link below.

Patient Care

Comforting a Crying Baby

Comforting a Crying Baby by Famhealth

Comforting a Crying Baby by Famhealth

Babies have crying bouts throughout the first year as this is their only means of communicating for food and comfort.

When your baby cries, your first instinct will be to pick them up. While there have been conflicting views on this topic, let your instinct guide you and do not be afraid of spoiling the baby.

Your baby is new to the world and needs to know that you are reliable and always available. However, if you feel that your baby is crying a lot and that it is making you lose patience or get over tired, get in touch with other mothers, self help and support groups or voluntary organizations which can help you find ways to cope. Let’s explore reasons why the baby may cry and what solutions are available to you.

Why Your Baby May Be Crying

If the crying sounds pitiful or different from normal, the baby may be unwell or a blocked nose could be the cause of the problem. Other possible reasons may be:

  • Nappy rash or sore bottom
  • Colic
  • Being too hot or too cold
  • During the process of bathing or dressing etc
  • Your own bad mood may cause your baby to react with crying bouts.
  • Too much fussing may be upsetting the baby

Ways to Pacify a Crying Baby

  • If you fear your baby may be ill, do not hesitate to call a doctor as he may prescribe some remedies such nasal drops to help the baby breathe better and thus calm down
  • If the baby has a sore bottom, take the nappy off and clean the bottom thoroughly. You may leave off the nappy for the rest of the day.
  • If your baby is suffering from colic, try not to resort to medications at first and soothe the baby by rocking or take the baby out for a walk around the block.
  • Avoid over heating or over chilling the baby’s room. The ideal room temperature for the baby is what is comfortable for lightly clothed adults.
  • The baby may be hungry or thirsty so offer a feed or water
  • The baby may need attention through a cuddle or may have gas that is relieved by rocking rhythmically in your arms or in a rocking chair
  • Wrap the baby firmly in a shawl, tucking the ends to make a bundle. This process called a ‘swaddle’ makes a baby feel safe and secure.
  • Another way to calm the baby is by gently patting the tummy or back to calm them or to relieve gas in the tummy.
  • A pacifier or something to suck ,which is sterilized properly is another common remedy
  • Babies love bright colorful things so distracting them with a picture book, a mirror or a new toy may also work.

Crying is a normal process, which all babies show. However, ask your health care provider if your child is showing continuous bouts of crying in spite of all your efforts. Doctor can perform an examination which can depict some medical condition which you might not be able to figure it out.

To read more on Pregnancy, click on the link below,

Pregnancy

Types of Immunotherapy

Types of Immunotherapy

Different types of immunotherapy are used to treat cancer. These treatments can either help the immune system attack the cancer directly or stimulate the immune system in a more general way. Types of immunotherapy that help the immune system act directly against the cancer include:

  • Checkpoint inhibitors, they are the type of drugs that help the immune system respond more aggressively to a tumour. These drugs function by not targeting the tumour directly, but they interfere with the ability of cancer cells to avoid immune system attack.
  • Adoptive cell transfer is a type of immunotherapy treatment that aids in enhancing the natural ability of your T cells to fight cancer. In this treatment, T cells are derived from the tumor developed. These T- cells are most potent in killing your cancer and these T- cells are further developed in huge amounts in the lab. These developed can further be utilized in killing the tumour cells.
  • Monoclonal antibodies, also known as therapeutic antibodies, which are immune system proteins created in the lab. These antibodies are designed to attach to specific targets found on cancer cells. Some monoclonal antibodies mark cancer cells so that they will be better seen and destroyed by the immune system. Other monoclonal antibodies directly stop cancer cells from growing or cause them to self-destruct. Still others carry toxins to cancer cells. Because therapeutic monoclonal antibodies recognize specific proteins on cancer cells, they are also considered targeted therapies.
  • Treatment vaccines, which work against cancer by boosting your immune system’s response to cancer cells. Treatment vaccines are different from the ones that help prevent disease

Types of immunotherapy that enhance the body’s immune response to fight the cancer include:

  • Cytokines, which are proteins made by your body’s cells. They play important roles in the body’s normal immune responses and also in the immune system’s ability to respond to cancer. The two main types of cytokines used to treat cancer are called interferons and interleukins
  • BCG, which stands for Bacillus Calmette-Guérin, is an immunotherapy that is used to treat bladder cancer. It is a weakened form of the bacteria that causes tuberculosis. When inserted directly into the bladder with a catheter, BCG causes an immune response against cancer cells. It is also being studied in other types of cancer.

How does Immunotherapy work against Cancer?

Cancer destroys your body because it primarily hits your immune system. Certain immunotherapies target cancer cells and afterward kill them. Other immunotherapies your help in boosting your immune system in a way that it destroys the cancer cells. Immunotherapy a new cancer treatment Immunotherapy is not yet as widely used as surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy. However, immunotherapies are slowly gaining importance and is been widely accepted as a treatment choice by many of the doctors.

To read more on Cancer, click on the link below,

What is cancer

SILVER YEARS – PHYSICAL/MENTAL/EMOTIONAL WELL BEING

Some Diseases Associated With
Old Age

Old age is also known as senescence. Normally silver years or old
age is defined as period of the life from 60-65 years. A regular
exercise and eating a well balanced diet can help to fight against
many infections and diseases associated with the old age.

Silver Years- Physical/Mental/Emotional Well Being

Silver Years- Physical/Mental/Emotional Well Being by Famhealth

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), if  proper health care measures are taken after 65 years of age ,one can live for an another 19.3 years.

According to Jeanne Wei, MD, PhD, executive director of the Reynolds Institute on Aging at the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences in Little Rock, people who adopt healthy lifestyle choices, like quitting smoking and losing weight, can help you avoid age related health risks.

Here is a list of some diseases associated with old age:

1. Arthritis

According to CDC 49.7 percent of elderly suffer from arthritis. Elderly mostly suffer from painful condition called osteoarthritis, which is painful and limits mobility in elderly.

2. Heart Disease

Elderly with risk factors, such as high blood pressure and high cholesterol, that increase the chances of have a high tendency of developing cardiovascular diseases like stroke. Eating well balanced and frequent meals along with exercise can prevent elderly from the heart related disorders.

3. Cancer

As per the CDC reports, 28 percent of men and 21 percent of women over age 65 are living with cancer. Hence regular checkups like mammograms, colonoscopies, and skin checks can prevent different type of cancers.

4. Respiratory Diseases

CDC has reported that chronic lower respiratory diseases, such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), are the third most common cause of death among people 65 and older. Elderly suffer from chronic respiratory infections such as asthma, chronic bronchitis or emphysema. These problems can make elderly to easily fall for conditions like pneumonia. Early checks can prevent the pneumonia in elderly.

5. Alzheimer’s Disease

As per the Alzheimer’s Association, one in nine people age 65 and older, which is about 11 percent, have Alzheimer’s disease, but because diagnosis is challenging, it’s difficult to know exactly how many people are living with this chronic condition. Diagnosing this disease at an early stage can help to deal with it an early stage.

6. Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis is also an age-related problem in elderly, especially in women. Osteoporosis can contribute towards less mobility and a deranged stature in elderly.

7. Diabetes

According to CDC 25 percent of people ages 65 and older are living with diabetes. It is necessary to check for pre diabetes conditions and monitoring blood sugar levels can help to control the disease.

8. Influenza and Pneumonia

According to the CDC ,flu and pneumonia  infections are among the top eight causes of death in people over age 65. Seniors are more vulnerable to these diseases and less able to fight them off. Vaccination can prevent elderly to fall for these infections .

9. Falls

As per the CDC repots, 2.5 million people ages 65 and older are treated in emergency departments because of falls. Elderly should walk carefully and should refrain from using slippery bath rooms.

10. Obesity 

Obesity is an important senior health risk factor for heart disease, diabetes, and cancer. It also decreases the motility in elderly leading to various complications such as high blood pressure and atherosclerosis.

11. Depression

According to CDC many elderly suffer from depression. Support from friends and family and increased social interaction can prevent depression in elderly.

12. Oral Health

Oral health becomes compromised in elderly due to functional and physiological changes. Elderly are advised to visit dentist after every 6 months for a regular assessment. Dentures and oral rehabilitation measures are taken by the dentists to restore the dental health in elderly.

13. Shingles

According to the National Institutes of Health, one out of three people over 60 will get shingles. People who suffer from chicken pox in childhood uaually encounter shingles as they grow with age. A good immune system and good health status helps elderly to recover from shingles at a faster pace.

Sources:

https://www.britannica.com/science/old-age

https://www.merckmanuals.com/home/older-people%E2%80%99s-health-issues/the-aging-body/disorders-in-older-people

http://alz-aging-research.org/diseases.html

https://www.verywellhealth.com/age-related-diseases-2223996

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