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The Seventh Month

seventh month of pregnancy

The Seventh Month of Pregnancy

With just three months of pregnancy left, the seventh month marks the beginning of the last trimester. The baby is very active during this period and moves around quite a lot. Babies born in this month and are called premature babies and while they need special care, they can surely survive.

During these final months, the mother gains about 4 kgs, approximately 40 percent of the total pregnancy weight gain.

Changes in the mother  

  • Red stretch marks may start appearing on the stomach area
  • False contractions (known as Braxton Hicks) are sometimes felt around this time and though they are not very painful they can be misleading.
  • The mother might experience acidity, indigestion, heartburn and cramps.
  • The mother starts feeling large and may bump into things. She may also become forgetful or dream about labour, childbirth and the baby. This may be caused by disturbed sleep or due to the baby’s movements.
  • One can notice an increased weight around the thighs, buttocks and the stomach.
  • The top of the womb is halfway between the stomach and the navel.
  • The veins on the breast may become more noticeable around this time.

Features of the Baby

  • Length 14.5 inch
  • Weight 1 kg
  • The face and body is covered with vernix, which acts as a waterproofing agent.
  • The seal over the eyes is gone.
  • The hearing is well developed
  • The skin is red and wrinkled
  • A seven month old infant feels pain and responds exactly like a full term baby
  • Fat starts to accumulate under the skin
  • Taste buds are more pronounced than they will be at birth
  • Lungs have still not reached the stage of maturity
  • Around this time if the baby twists and turns the shape of the foot can be seen on the mother’s stomach
  • If the father is keen on feeling the baby movements, he can feel the baby move over the mother’s abdomen with his hand
  • The baby’s heartbeat can be heard with an ordinary fetal stethoscope.


  • If you are a working woman, try to put your feet up as and when possible
  • Make sure you get enough rest during the day and sleep early at nights.
  • Let the employer know in writing when you intend to take a break and when you will return to work post delivery.
  • Make a visit to the antenatal clinic every two weeks from now onwards.

To read more on Pregnancy, click on the link below,


The Eighth Month

eighth month of pregnancy

The eighth month is an exciting time indeed, as the baby is fully formed by now. Around this month, due to the increased weight, the expectant mother start feeling rather tired. It is important to calm down and get all the rest you can get. It is also a good idea to join antenatal classes.

Towards the end of this month, the mother’s weight gain may slow down, though the baby is growing rapidly.

Changes in the Mother

  • The frequency to pass urine increases. It is very common to leak a little urine when one coughs or sneezes.
  • She may face breathlessness
  • The sleep may be disturbed and that may make the mother irritable.
  • There might be a change in the shape of the navel. For some it pops out while in others it flattens.
  • There might be discomfort in the pelvic area as the joints are expanding in preparation for birth.
  • The dark line running down the stomach may become more prominent.
  • The base of the ribcage may be sore as the womb presses upwards.
  • The mother may feel more of Braxton-Hicks Contractions that can feel like strong bands tightening across your uterus, making the uterus feel hard.
  • You may also start experiencing stronger baby kicks
  • You may experience night awakening as you may experience REM sleep – a sleep state in which you dream more and awaken more easily. Also, your enlarging uterus makes it difficult to sleep.

Features of the Baby

  • Length 16 inch
  • Weight 1.6 kg
  • The baby looks almost as it will at birth and only needs to gain more weight and fat.
  • The head is proportionate to the body now
  • As there is less space in the womb, the normally turns into a head down position in preparation for birth.
  • The baby can differentiate between light and dark


  • If you leak urine while coughing, sneezing etc, you will need to strengthen your pelvis. Pelvic floor exercises are very useful and you can ask your doctor or midwife to help you practice it regularly
  • Start attending antenatal classes if you haven’t as yet.
  • Put your feet up for an hour or two during the course of the day
  • If you are having sleeping difficulties, take the help of breathing and relaxation techniques.
  • Get a blood test done to check for anemia or negative blood group problems.
  • Buy basic essentials for the baby, which may include
  • A carry cot
  • A blanket
  • Bedding
  • Car seat
  • Bath tub
  • Towels
  • Nappies
  • Bottle feeding equipments
  • Vests
  • Cardigans
  • Jumpsuits
  • Night suits
  • Socks
  • Hat

Don’t over think or stress too much and try to be as relaxed as possible. Catch up on sleep as and when possible as this would become a scarce commodity once the baby comes home.

To read more on Pregnancy, click on the link below,


The Third Month

the third month of pregnancy

The end of the third month signifies the closure of the first trimester and is considered the right time to announce the pregnancy as the early signs of discomfort in the mother tend to cease.

Physical Changes

  • Morning sickness, nausea and vomiting starts to ease.
  • There is a decline in the frequency of urination.
  • There can be signs of constipation because of slow bowel movements during pregnancy.
  • Hormonal changes may lead to mood swings.
  • The volume of blood circulation in the body increases, leading to increased burden on the lungs, kidneys and heart of the mother.
  • Increased heaviness and tenderness in the breasts.
  • While there will not be much change in the shape of the mother’s body, the top of the womb can be felt just above the pubic bone.

Weight Gain of the Mother

Around this time the mother expects to gain about 10 percent of the total pregnancy weight gain, which would be approximately 1.2 kg. If the expectant mother faces nausea and morning sickness, the weight gain could be much less.

Length and Weight of the Baby

The baby would have grown to about 2.5 inches now and weigh around 18 gms

Features of the Baby

  • The external ears are well developed
  • Tiny fingers and toes have formed
  • The baby looks much more human
  • The head is still large in proportion to the body
  • The limbs are small though fully formed now
  • He can suck and swallows the fluid that surrounds him
  • He can pass urine.
  • Eyelids have developed and are closed over the eyes
  • Miniature fingernails and toenails are growing.

Pregnancy Tips

  • Get into the habit of standing straight in this stage as this will prepare your body to carry the excess weight in a stable way in the later stages of pregnancy.
  • Make your first visit to the antenatal clinic where routine tests are carried out by the doctor and mid wives to check that the pregnancy is progressing normally.
  • Do inform your doctor in case you are suffering from constipation and include a lot of water and high fiber food in the diet.
  • Buy a bra that will give adequate support to the breasts.

To read more on Pregnancy, click on the link below,