Colic

Severe pain in the abdomen caused by wind and suffered especially by babies.

To relive from pain follow these steps:-

  • Lay your baby on their tummy, across your stomach or lap. The change in position may help calm some colicky babies. You can also rub your baby’s back, which is both soothing and may help gas pass through.
  • Consider offering her a pacifier, or encourage baby to suck on her finger by gently putting it in her mouth. Gas does not cause colic, but some colicky babies also suffer from gassiness because they tend to swallow air while crying. Keep baby upright during feedings, and burp him often to try to ease gas pain.
  • A baby who has colic often cries about the same time every day, usually in the late afternoon or evening. Colic episodes may last from a few minutes to three hours or more on any given day.
  • generally recommend starting out with a traditional cow’s-milk formula, such as Enfamil and Similac, which contain a blend of whey and casein proteins. While the majority of infants do fine on these, colicky babies sometimes benefit from a different variety.
  • Walk him in kangaroo-style.
  • Make good vibrations.
  • Swaddle him.
  • Give him a massage.
  • Reduce outside stimulation.

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New Born

Dealing with Measles

Dealing with Measles by Famhealth

Measles is a highly contagious infection caused by the measlesvirus. Initial signs and symptoms typically include fever, often greater than 40 °C (104.0 °F), cough, runny nose, and inflamed eyes. Two or three days after the start of symptoms, small white spots may form inside the mouth, known as Koplik’s spots.

  • A runny or blocked nose
  • Sneezing, watery eyes and swollen eyelids
  • Red eyes that may be sensitive to light
  • A high temperature which may lead to 40C (104F)
  • Small greyish white-spots in the mouth
  • Aches and pains
  • A cough and loss of appetite
  • Tiredness, irritability and general lack of energy.

Treatment

There is no specific treatment for measles, but the condition usually improves within 7 to 10 days. Stay away from school or work for at least four days.

If the symptoms of measles are causing discomfort for you or your child, there are some things you can do to treat these while you wait for your body to fight off the virus.

Dr. May advise some medicine to reduce a high temperature (fever) and relieve any aches or pains if your child is uncomfortable.

If your child has a high temperature, make sure they drink plenty of fluids as they may be at risk of dehydration.

Vaccination

The measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccine is routinely given at 12 to 15 months of age, followed by a booster shot before entering school at the age of 4 to 6 years.

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How to Nebulize

How to Nebulize your Baby by Famhealth

How to Nebulize your Baby

It is the process of medication administration via inhalation . It utilizes a Nebulizer which transports medication to the Lungs.

Illness Like:

  • Pneumonia
  • Asthma
  • Bronchitis
  • Allergies
  • Breathing difficulties
  • Wheezing, etc

In babies we are using mask method .It’s more useful because it’s more comfortable and effective method for baby’s

Reason behind that is the babies are more restless and crying also.

Preparing to use a nebulizer for baby

  • First check Nebulizer is working or not and any loose connections. Clean all parts of nebulizer like nebulizer mask, tubing’s and medicine cup then wipe it dry.
  • Wash your hands under running tap water for 20sec with soap or you can use hand rub.
  • Place the medication into the nebulizer. Unscrew the top of the nebulizer cup and put the prescribed medication into the nebulizer. Many types of respiratory medications for nebulizer treatments come in pre-measured doses. If yours is not pre-measured, measure out the exact amount prescribed for one dose. Secure the top tightly to prevent the medication from spilling out.
  • Attach the mouthpiece. Secure it to the nebulizer cup. Although different manufactures may have slightly different jet nebulizers, most mouthpieces will attach to the top of the nebulizer cup. Most nebulizers have mouth pieces instead of face masks, since masks can lead to facial deposits.
  • Connect the tubing. Attach one end of the oxygen tubing to the nebulizer cup. On most types of nebulizers, the tubing will connect on the bottom of the cup. Connect the other end of the tubing to an air compressor used for nebulize
  • Keep the mask on baby nose and hold it.Hold the baby. Sitting in your lap and make sure the mask is in correct place.
  • Using an aerosol mask as an alternative to a mouthpiece for baby’s and young children. Aerosol masks attach to the top of the nebulizer cup or medicine cup. (The mask comes in paediatric and adult sizes.
  • Set up an activity to occupy baby during the nebulizer treatment. Showing some toys etc may help the child sit still for the length of the treatment. Ideally, hold the child in your lap since the child should be sitting straight up to receive the optimal dosage of medication.
  • The time duration of the inhalation is [5-8 mint]
  • Wipe the baby face with small soft towel.
  • Clean the nebulizer as directed by instruction.
  • Hand wash.
  • The mask and medicine cup should be washed with warm water .If it possible to soak the pieces in a warm water for 20mints and disinfect it. After disinfect it make it dry and keep it in proper place

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New Born

Check List for New Dads

Check List for New Dads by Famhealth

Involvement with your child is critical. These are some ways to form a bond and develop a close relationship with your child from an early start. Start off on the right path, make the commitment to spend time with your baby, and relax, you’re going to be a great dad.

Before baby arrives:

  • To attend antenatal classes with your partner and do some research of your own.
  • The baby arrives will allow them to get to know your voice which will help to comfort them once they arrived.
  • Thank everyone and anyone who helps you, whether they’ve offered or you have to ask them to
  • Get to know the bump! Reading, singing and talking to your partners bump even before baby arrives will allow them to get to know your voice which will then help to comfort them once they arrive.

 

Once baby arrives:

  • Wash your hands before touching baby or use hand rub.
  • Try to support your partner as much as possible by making a few meals.
  • Support your partner while breast feeding.
  • Make sure you get lot of skin to skin contact with Baby.
  • Should know the importance of breast feeding.
  • Support your partner to come out of night mares and night terrors.

Baby Care

  • Know baby hunger clues: chewing on fingers, smacking lips, rooting for breast, crying
  • Talk, sing, and play with baby
  • Keep cord and/or circumcision clean and dry
  • Call lactation consultant with breastfeeding problems
  • Take an infant CPR/First Aid class
  • Have a frustration action plan
  • Go to well-baby check-up appointments
  • You and your partner will be sleep deprived. Sleep in shifts

To read more on Baby care, click on the link below,

New Born

Travelling with Baby

Travelling with Baby by Famhealth

Little travelers need a surprising amount of stuff!

Here is a checklist of items that make traveling much easier.

Packing Checklist:

  • Diapers (carry extras incase of delay)
  • Pad/rubber sheet (to put under your baby during diaper changes)
  • Blankets 1 or 2 (cover your baby and cover yourself)
  • Plastic bags (Carry a variety of sizes for storing soiled diapers, clothes, and blankets.)
  • Diaper rash cream.
  • Wipes.
  • Sanitizer, baby wash, and baby lotion.
  • Tissues.
  • A few of your baby’s favorite toys.
  • Clothes, socks, and booties or shoes (One to two outfits per day is a good guideline.)
  • Washable bibs
  • Sun hat
  • Lightweight plastic feeding set with utensils, and baby food
    If your baby’s eating solid foods.
  • Sterilizer (if staying outside more than 1 day)
  • Formula, water, and juice if appropriate
  • Extra bottles, nipples, and sippy cups if appropriate
  • Energy-boosting snacks for you to munch on
  • Breast pump (if you use one)
  • Nightlight (So you can keep the room lighting soothingly low during middle-of-the-night diaper changes)
  • First-aid kit (Baby pain reliever and supplies for treating minor injuries, fever etc.)
  • Sling or front carrier
  • Portable crib or play yard – A safe place for your baby to sleep or play.
  • Inflatable baby bathtub (Can make bath time easier at your destination).
  • Car seat for safer travel by car or plane
  • Collapsible stroller (If you are using it).
     

Preparation techniques:

  • Start preparing to pack a few days before you travel. Keep a running list of things to take, or put items out on a table or dresser as you think of them.
  • Pack each of your baby’s outfits in its own zipped plastic bag so you don’t have to hunt around for tiny socks, shirts, and so on.
  • Take the phone number for your baby’s healthcare provider in case you have questions while you’re on the road.

To read more on Baby care, click on the link below,

New Born

Teething Tips

Teething Tips by Famhealth

From the time your child’s first tooth emerges to how much pain it causes, teething is a different experience for every child. Here’s how to spot the signs that your baby is teething so you know how to treat the discomfort.

These are common signs of teething:

  • Drooling
  • Swollen, bulging gums
  • A tooth visible below the gum
  • Irritability
  • Trouble sleeping
  • Trying to bite, chew, and suck on everything
  • Rubbing her face
  • Rejecting food
  • Grabbing her ears

If your teething baby seems uncomfortable, consider these simple tips:

  • Rub your baby’s gums. Use a clean finger or moistened gauze pad to rub your baby’s gums. All you need is a clean finger for this old-fashioned teething remedy. Gentle counter-pressure from Mom or Dad applied to a baby’s sore gums can help ease the pain of teething
  • Keep it cool. A cold washcloth, spoon or chilled teething ring can be soothing on a baby’s gums. Don’t give your baby a frozen teething ring, however. Contact with extreme cold can be harmful. Try hard foods   
  • Use cold or frozen objects. Giving cold or frozen objects to your baby to chew on can help distract them from crying. In addition, it puts the baby’s mouth and gums at ease. Another useful remedy for teething babies is ice cubes.
  • Soothe Painful Gums. Normally, babies are able to find items they can chew on to help relieve the pressure
  • Give Painkillers in a Safe Way if advised by Doctors.
  • Create a Nice Environment.
  • Feed Soft Foods.
  • Maintain Bedtime Routine.
  • Deal with the Cry.

To read more on Baby care, click on the link below,

New Born

Great tools- Rocker/ Strolley/ Pram

Great tools- Rocker/ Strolley/ Pram by Famhealth

Key difference: Baby Pram and Stroller, are wheeled devices which are used to carry children. A baby pram is like a cradle in which babies can lie, whereas a stroller is like a chair in which babies can sit upright.

Rocker:

A bouncer is a seat suitable from birth until about 6 months that doesn’t rock, but is slightly flexible so that it moves slightly when you push it or when your baby kicks as she gets older. A bouncer usually has a bar with toys and lights, and some have music and vibrating options to help soothe your baby.

Buying Tips:

  • Modern gliders take up more room, but they come with comfy cushions. Add an ottoman so you have a place to rest tired feet.
  • When you shop, give each rocker or glider a test ride. It should move smoothly and silently. You don’t want your sleeping baby awakened to a symphony of squeaks and creaks.
  • The seat should be big enough to comfortably fit you and your growing baby.
  • Make sure the headrest is high enough so you can lean back against it. You’ll appreciate that feature during those exhausting late-night feedings.
  • Choose an easy-to-wash fabric. You’ll want it to come clean after baby spit-ups and spills.
  • Choose a colour that helps calm baby. Blue or green are good color choices.

 

Strolley:

A vehicle for moving a baby around that consists of a small bed supported by a frame on four wheels.

Buying Tips:

  • To keep baby secure, look for a T-shaped buckle that goes around your baby’s waist and straps between the legs.
  • The stroller should have brakes on the back wheels and locking front wheels.
  • When buying a stroller for two, tandem models (where one baby sits in front of the other) are easier to manoeuvre than side-by-side. 
  • The stroller seat should recline all the way back for your new-born, and adjust back up to a seat as your baby grows.

 Pram:

A pram is designed to carry new-borns and younger babies, usually while they’re lying down. It’s sturdy and generally can’t be folded flat. A stroller is lightweight and collapsible, ideal for older babies. A buggy can be a pushchair or a stroller, depending on who you ask!

Buying tips:

  • If you’re always on the go, buy a lightweight umbrella stroller. Just make sure it fully reclines.
  • Need a place to hold all your baby gear? A full-sized stroller will give you more storage room.
  • It should be solid, with a wide wheel base. When you push lightly on the handles, it shouldn’t tip backwards.
  • Make sure you can open the stroller easily with one hand. You don’t want to wrestle with it while holding baby in your other arm.
  • To keep baby secure, look for a T-shaped buckle that goes around your baby’s waist and straps between the legs.
  • When buying a stroller for two, tandem models (where one baby sits in front of the other) are easier to manoeuvre than side-by-side.

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New Born

IMMUNIZATION SCHEDULE IN INDIA

IMMUNIZATION SCHEDULE IN INDIA 2018 by Famhealth
S.NOVaccinePreventsMinimum Age for Dose 1               Interval BetweenDose 1 and Dose 2    Interval Between Dose 2 and Dose 3Interval Between Dose 3 and Dose 4Interval Between Dose 4 and Dose 5
1BCGTB & bladder cancerBirth    
2HepB Hepatitis BBirth4 weeks8 weeks  
3Poliovirus PolioBirth4 weeks4 weeks  
4DTPDiphtheria, Tetanus & Pertussis6 weeks4 weeks4 weeks6 months (Booster 1)3 years (Booster 2)
5HibInfections caused by Bacteria6 weeks4 weeks4 weeks6 months (Booster 1) 
6PCVPneumonia6 weeks4 weeks4 weeks6 months (Booster 1) 
7RVSevere Diarrheal Disease6 weeks4 weeks4 weeks  
8TyphoidTyphoid Fever, Diarrhea9 months15 months (Booster 1)   
9MMRMeasles, Mumps & Rubella9 months6 months   
10Varicella Chickenpox1 year3 months   
11HepALiver disease1 year6 months   
12TdapDiphtheria, Tetanus & Pertussis7 year    
13HPVSome Cancers & Warts9 yearFor Child aged 9-14 years: 6 months. For Child aged 15 or more: 1 monthFor Child aged 15 or more: 5 months  

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New Born

How to Breast Feed a Baby 

How to Breast Feed a Baby by Famhealth

Mother’s milk is perfect and uniquely made for the growing baby’s needs. Giving Mothers milk makes a big difference to both baby and mothers health.

Good for the mother:

  • Helps womb (uterus) come back normal size and reduces bleeding.
  • It naturally uses up about 500 extra calories a day so mums who breast-feed often find it easier to lose their pregnancy weight.
  • It reduces the risk of breast and ovarian cancer.
  • Breast-feeding acts as a natural family planning method.
  • It saves money – formula feeding can cost.

Good for the baby:

  • All Nutrients required for the first six months, Easy digestion.
  • Helps baby pass motion easily.
  • Provides immunity.
  • Readily available, usually sterile. No danger of allergy
  • More convenient, requiring no preparation and costs nothing.
  • Reduces chances of getting some illnesses later in life .
  • Make you closer with your baby.
  • Formula milk is made from cow’s milk and other ingredients: So does not help protect baby from illness and diseases.

First Feed:

  •  A healthy baby has put to the breast half an hr to 1 hr following normal delivery.
  •  Following caesarean delivery, a period of 2 to 3 hrs may be sufficient for the mother to breast feed the baby.

Getting ready for Feeding:

  • You should clean the nipples and breast with cotton soaked in warm water.
  • Wash your hands prior to breast-feeding.
  • You and baby should be in a comfortable position during breast-feeding.

What can provide comfortable environment during feed?

  • You can sit on a chair or bed with back supported so that you will feels comfortable.
  • You could raise the feet or knees, if you needs to but should not bend over the baby.

How you should hold the baby?

  • Wrap the baby in a wrapper.
  •  Support the neck, shoulders and back.
  •  You should hold the baby close to you.
  •  He should be able to tilt his head back easily.
  •  Make sure baby’s head and body in a straight line.
  • If not, the baby might not be able to swallow easily.
  • Hold the baby’s whole body closes with his nose level with the nipple.
  • Baby needs to get a big mouthful of breast from underneath the nipple.
  • Placing your baby with his nose level with your nipple will allow him to reach up and attach to the breast well.
  • Let the baby’s head tip back a little so that his top lip can brush against your nipple. This should help the baby to make a wide-open mouth.
  • When the baby’s mouth opens wide, his chin is able to touch the breast first, with his head tipped back so that his tongue can reach as much breast as possible.
  • With his chin firmly touching and his nose clear, his mouth is wide open and there will be much more of the darker skin visible above the top lip than below his bottom lip. The baby’s cheeks will look full and rounded as they feed.

Nipple feeding is wrong:

  • When the baby isn’t correctly attached and just sucks the nipple, you feel feeding is painful, the nipples can get damaged, and the baby won’t be able to get enough milk.
  • Baby will not be satisfied
  • Milk production reduces
  • Cracked nipples may happen.
  • If baby is not attached correctly, stop avoids pulling him off your breast. Instead, break the attachment by inserting your little finger into the corner of her mouth, between her gums. Gently take her off the breast. Then make the latching perfect and start feeding.

How to make the baby burp

  • When babies suckle they swallow air, which can make them uncomfortable.
  • Burping is a process by which you can help a baby bring this air up and feel comfortable.
  • First spread a cloth (burp cloth) on your shoulder
  • Hold the baby on your shoulder or chest and rub its back
  • You can also or rub baby’s back while the baby sits or lies on your lap.
  • These positions will also help comfort a restless baby or a baby that cries more than usual.

Usually you will hear a burp noise.It is normal for babies to bring up some fluids when they burp.

If you put the baby to sleep without burping   they may vomit and that may enter the lungs causing difficulty in breathing.

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New Born

Baby Care Essentials

Baby Massage 

Baby Care Essentials 
Baby Massage by Famhealth

Body massage is given to baby for smoothening the skin, make the baby feel fresh, relaxed and to improve the blood circulation.

You can do body massage after bath or before bath. As per mother permission you can use oil or baby body lotion

Items Required:

  • Rubber or Plastic sheet
  • Baby body lotion or Oil
  • Wrapping cloth

Procedure:

  • Wash your hands
  • Collect the items required
  • Please switch of the A/C or Fan.
  • Spread the rubber sheet or plastic sheet over the bed or floor.
  • Take the oil in bowl, warm the oil if required and check the warmth before applying on Baby
  • Make the baby ready by removing the dress and napkins and place the baby on plastic sheet

Steps to follow:

  • Legs,
  • Calves,
  • Thighs,
  • Chest,
  • Tummy,
  • Both hands,
  • Face,
  • Back.

Leg: Take the oil or lotion apply over the base of the foot and massage with your thumb finger from the heel towards the toes for minimum 5 times, then spread the toes for 5 times.

Next, massage both the ankle joints in a rolling manner by using your thumb fingers for five times.

CalvesThere are two types of calves’ massage.

  • Swedish milking

Swedish milking: First apply oil or lotion over the legs then start massage from ankle joint to knee joint for 5 times (both the side) Then from knee joint to groin area for 5 times (both the side).

  • Indian milking– (Prefer to give type 1, If the mother ask for type 2 then u can also give type 2 massage.)

Indian milking: Massage starts from groin area towards foot. (This is optional only if mother ask)

Chest:Take the oil or lotion, apply over the chest to shoulder and massage from down to up and inner to outer side 5 times (like broadening the chest)

Next move your hands in a cross manner from left to right and right to left.

AbdomenApply oil or lotion over the abdomen and massage 5times from up to down then circular motion. (Always abdominal massage should do in the clockwise manner without touching umbilical cord).

Hands: Swedish milking is better for both the hands and legs than Indian milking. If you do Indian milking for the hands and legs, then end up with Swedish massage.

Face: Massage cheek gently with circular motion then forehead by using thumb. (Face massage is not compulsory)

Back: Apply oil and massage from up to down five times then massage from one side to another side for five times.

Buttocks: Massage the buttocks from down to up for 5times.

After completing the massage, Turn the baby slowly, place the baby on sheet, and wrap the baby in wrapping cloth.

Replace the articles in proper place.

Do’s:

  1. Always hands and legs massage should be done towards the heart.
  2. Always abdominal massage should be done only clockwise.

Don’ts:

  1. Do not turn babies below 3 months,
  2. Don’t do head massage,
  3. Do not apply oil over the head and face (except cheeks and forehead)

Baby Bath

Baby Bath by Famhealth

There is no need to give a newborn bath every day. In fact, bathing the baby more than several times a week can dry out his or her skin.

It does not matter when you give a bath and make sure do not do soon after a feed.

Itmes Required:

  • Bath tub
  • Bowl with 2-cotton ball for cleaning eyes
  • Body wash (Soap/ Shompoo)
  • Large Towel
  • Wrapping cloth
  • Alcohol swab for cord care
  • Baby dress, napkins or diaper
  • Dust bin.
  • Nail cutting scissor for nail cutting

Procedure:

  • Wash your hands thoroughly .
  •  Collect the items required
  • Add warm water and cold water in a tub up to 2-3 inches and check for the temperature of the water from the elbow. 
  • Remove the baby’s cloths and clean the diaper area top to bottom by using wet wipes. (Check if baby has passed urine or motion)

Steps to be followed:

  • Clean the both eyes with cotton balls inner cantus to outer cantus with clean water.
  • Next Clean the face with warm water. Remember, do not apply soap to the face  and do not touch the eyes.
  • Wet the hair with the water and apply shampoo, then gently clean the hair
  • Pour fresh warm water over the head.
  • Next, wet the front part of the body and apply shampoo then gently clean, attention needs to be given to the areas like under arm, neck, groin, middle of the fingers and folding parts.  (Remember Do not touch the umbilical cord).
  • Then turn the Baby slowly and give bath on the back for the baby.
  • Pour fresh warm water all over the body and place the baby in towel.
  • Dry the baby face first, then head and finally the body.

 More attention should be given while drying the areas like under arm, back of the ear, neck, groin, middle of the fingers, diaper area, folding parts and in between the toes.

  • Clean the umbilical cord from alcohol swab.
  • Put the baby dress and napkin or diaper and wrap the baby using wrapping cloth.
  • Wash your hands.
  • Finally can give the feed.

How to fix a diaper

diaper or a nappy is a type of underwear that allows the wearer to defecate or urinate without the use of a toilet, by absorbing or containing waste products to prevent soiling of outer clothing or the external environment. When diapers become soiled, they require changing, generally by a second person such as a parent or caregiver. Failure to change a diaper on a sufficiently regular basis can result in skin problems around the area covered by the diaper.

Steps to follow for fixing diaper:

  • Lay your baby on his back. Remove any clothing that inhibits access to the diaper. At this age, rompers are popular clothing items; they contain snaps for easy diaper access.
  • Remove the soiled diaper. For disposable diapers, pull up the sticky tabs. For reusable cloth diapers, remove the diaper cover and snaps or Velcro from around your baby’s waist.
  • Lift your baby up gently so you can scoot the diaper out from under his bottom.
  • Use wipes to clean your baby’s diaper region. Always wipe from front to back to avoid infection, especially for girls.
  • If the area is red or inflamed, soothe it with diaper ointment.
  • Wait for your baby’s skin to dry before putting on a fresh diaper.
  • Take a fresh diaper and place it under your baby. Bring the front part up on your baby’s stomach and fasten the tabs to secure the diaper on his waist.
  • Replace any clothing over the new diaper.

How to Prevent Diaper Rash

Take these precautions to take to prevent diaper rash. If you suspect a diaper rash is becoming infected, always call the doctor.

  • Check your infant’s diaper often (every two hours) and change it promptly.
  • Clean your infant’s diaper region thoroughly during changes.
  • Do not use scented wipes or soaps on your infant’s diaper region.
  • Pat, do not scrub, a baby’s bottom when drying your infant after a bath.
  • Avoid plastic pants and look out for skin marks, which indicate the diaper is too tight.

Dealing with nappy rashes

There may be red patches on the baby’s bottom, or the whole area may be red. The skin may look sore and feel hot to touch, and there may be spots, pimples or blisters.

Nappy rash can be caused by:

  • Prolonged contact with urine  or stools
  •  Sensitive skin
  •  Rubbing or chafing
  •  Soap, detergent or bubble bath
  •  Baby wipes
  •  Diarrhea or other illness

These simple steps will help:

  • Change wet or soiled nappies as soon as possible. Young babies need changing as many as 10 or 12 times a day; older babies at least six to eight times.
  • Always have a good supply of nappies.
  • Watch for any allergies to the wet wipes or soap etc.
  •  If you find redness on the diaper area, avoid using diapers and keep the area dry always.
  •  Use diaper rash cream as per doctor’s advice.

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New Born

Content Courtesy : Portea

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