Do cardio-vascular diseases affect men and women differently?

Dr. Praveen Chandra in conversation with Famhealth brings forth some essential points related to heart health on World heart Day and Do Cardio-Vascular Diseases affect men and women differently?

World Heart Day to fall on 29th September brings focus on the heart one of the most vital organs of our body which requires keeping well and intact to maintain good heart health. To discuss more on heart health Famhealth is in discussion with Dr. Praveen Chandra, Chairman, Interventional Cardiology Medanta- the Medicity, Gurugram, and Medanta Moolchand Heart Institute, Delhi.

5 Common risk factors in society

  1. Dr. Chandra says that people beyond the age of 35 develop hypertension that damages the body from within and acts as a silent killer. Unchecked hypertension can lead to early stroke and onset of kidney failures. He advises that people beyond the age of 35 should get their BP’s checked every year.
  2. Diabetes affects the heart severely and poses as a major risk factor. If a family has any history then people should remain extra cautious. People beyond 35 years of age should try to maintain their blood sugar levels in control.
  3. Smoking and tobacco are the most common factors that damage the heart therefore they should be immediately stopped.
  4. Dr. Praveen Chandra says a myth is found amongst people who usually avoid medicines if they have heart disease which is very dangerous.
  5. Lifestyle-related disorders are another commonly found risk factor that leads to heart disease. So people should maintain a very active lifestyle.

An Inter Heart study in India

Dr. Praveen Chandra says,” According to an Inter Heart Study done in India it is found that people do not exercise and in such cases, they can have heart attack 2-5 years earlier”. He further says regular exercise is a must for every individual with good vegetable and fruit intake thereby avoiding mental stress which takes a toll on our lives.

Do Cardio-Vascular Diseases affect men and women differently?

Dr. Chandra says, “Years back it was a confined notion that CVD is not common in women. However, today it has become a myth because CVD affects men and women equally. Especially after the age of 45 when menopause occurs in women which vanishes the protected effect of hormones women are equal to men to develop a heart disease”.

He further says, “Symptoms that occur in women related to a heart problem are usually perceived by family as any other common problems like gas. However, it should not happen because it leads to neglection of a major heart problem. So, symptoms should be taken in the same manner for both men and women because women are more susceptive than men to get severely affected and chances of dieing are more common in women than in men. So, one should not neglect the symptoms and consult the doctor at the earliest”.

Food and Heart Health

Dr. Chandra says, an individual with heart disease can take every kind of food to be it spices or sugar but in a controlled manner and a balanced diet should be followed.

11 Tips to follow for Good Heart Health

11 Tips to follow for Good Heart Health by Dr. CN Manjunath.

World Heart Day falls on the 29th of September every year. To dwell on depth of the topic, Famhealth is in conversation with Dr. C N Manjunath, Professor, and Director of Sri Jayadeva Institute of Cardio-Vascular Science’s and Research, Bengaluru, lists out 15 most essential tips and tricks that should be followed in order to avoid Heart Diseases.

Role of Cholesterol in CVD

  1. There are 2 types of cholesterol which are good cholesterol (HDL), bad cholesterol (LDL) Good cholesterol has significant importance to maintain our heart health. Wherein a person should have high HDL, but it is also important to have less LDL.
  2. A prominent and emerging risk in India is the combination of high triglycerides and low HDL which results in heart issues. 
  3. There is a definite correlation between cholesterol and coronary artery disease which results in the blockage of arteries in the heart. Dr. Manjunath believes that cholesterol-related misconceptions are often spread through social media and we should ignore these. 
  4. According to Dr. Manjunath with every 1% increase in cholesterol results in a 2% increase in the rate of Cardiovascular Diseases. E.g. There is an entity which is called familial hypercholesterolemia where cholesterol is abnormal right from birth in such cases many patients die at an early age of 15, 20, 25 years. So, in such cases, people should avoid misconceptions related to cholesterol and should get it to check at the earliest. 
  5. Another misconception is lean people’s body weight and cholesterol who believe that they cannot have cholesterol-related disorders. Dr. Manjunath says lean personality people or underweight people can also have high cholesterol levels. Role of lifestyle factors to maintain good heart health
  6. Dr. Manjunath says one should eat everything in small and optimal quantity be it ghee or any other fats. Food should be low calorie, low fat, and more of fibers, fruits, and vegetables which are popularly known as the Mediterranean Diet.
  7. Pay attention to low carbohydrates and low sugar diet and fast foods should be completely avoided. Dr. Manjunath defines fast foods as “those foods that have the ability to take away life very fast”.
  8. Dr. Manjunath advises to include 45 minutes of exercise in daily routine to maintain good heart health because exercise reduces the risk of all lifestyle caused diseases like hypertension, heart attack, blood sugar control. He emphasizes taking the stairs as a very good exercise because while climbing stairs if a person gets a burning sensation or pain in the heart or feels extremely tired then it points out to inner heart problems and problems can be treated at the earliest.
  9. Dr. Manjunath says youngsters and teenagers should not lift too much weight abruptly which can be dangerous for their heart. Also, they should gradually increase the time and intensity of their work and should initially practice moderate-intensity workout.
  10. 5 Most important things to be kept low as told by Dr. Manjunath

Blood Pressure

Blood Sugar

Blood cholesterol

Body Weight

Over Ambition

11. Role of Genetic Makeup in heart Diseases Dr. Manjunath says, “If a person has a family history of heart diseases then it doubles the risk of heart issues such a person should take care of their heart health since childhood. They should maintain a very active lifestyle and mothers in these families should avoid giving too much fatty and oily food to kids and should take care of their health from the earliest”.

3 factors that ensure a Healthy Heart

3 factors that ensure a healthy heart by Dr. Naresh Trehan on World Heart Day.

World Heart Day to be observed on 29th September draws into focus the vital organ of our body primarily the engine of our system the heart. According to the world heart federation, the most number of deaths that occur in the world are due to heart. It nearly accounts for 17.9 million lives that are lost due to cardiovascular diseases which are 31 percent of global deaths. Therefore, it becomes very crucial to keep our heart healthy. Famhealth in an exclusive conversation with Dr. Naresh Trehan, one of the chief cardiac surgeons of the country as well as the chairman and managing director of Medanta- the Medicity tells about some effective tips and tricks to keep the heart-healthy.

The incensed pandemic that has girdled our lives these days has given rise to tremendous stress to our body, especially the mind, which directly affects our heart. Now it becomes so much more important to take care of our heart. So, the mounting question is what keeps our heart healthy?

Dr. Trehan primarily lists out 3 important factors that should be practiced to keep our heart healthy.

  1. Exercise

“When it comes to cardiovascular fitness it should be a sustained 40 minutes of exercise where heart rate goes up by 50 percent of your resting heart rate. ‘Pranayama’ is the most efficient breathing exercise that one must do regularly to calm one’s mind and body. With it, meditation and listening to “Mahāmrityunjaya Mantra’ will help in balancing the entire body. Practicing this regime at least 5 times a week will assure that your heart is in a healthy state says”, Dr. Trehan.

2.Nutrition

While talking about nutrition Dr. Trehan says,” it (nutrition) is the second most important factor which affects heart and arteries. While poor nutrition will increase the propensity of a person to suffer from atherosclerosis which is the depositing of fats in arteries therefore one must intake balanced nutrition.

Break up of daily nutrition – 50% from carbohydrates, that provide energy for daily tasks; 35 – 40 % should be from proteins which help in muscle build-up and the least amount (appx 10 – 15%) of fats because an excessive amount of fat consumption will lead to the formation of lipids that will start depositing in our liver, arteries, and heart with these all vitamins and minerals too”.

3.Genetic make

While guiding about tips to keep heart healthy Dr. Trehan acquaints the role of genetic makeup, “A history of heart disease in the family doubles the risk and chances of a person to suffer from some form of heart disease, including problems like high blood pressure, highly stressed mind, diabetes, etc. Therefore a person must know his genetic predisposition and then tailor his lifestyle according to that”.

10 significant tips about Heart Health

Here are 10 significant tips about Heart Health by Dr. Ashok Seth, Chairman, Fortis Escorts Heart Institute New Delhi.

World Heart Day is celebrated on 29th September 2020 which brings in focus the vital organ of our body heart. To discuss more on heart health and its several parameters Famhealth is in an exclusive conversation with Dr. Ashok Seth, Chairman, Fortis Escorts Heart Institute New Delhi.

When asked about the scale of Heart Diseases in India Dr. Ashok Seth says,

  1. India has become the heart attack capital of the world. In last 30years there’s an increase for about 300% in the rate of heart diseases whereas it has dropped in the west by almost 50%.
  2. In last 50 years heart diseases have grown in young people by 100% which is almost double if we compare to west. India is a young country with 60% of population less than 40 years of age so these numbers are really scary because half of the country is at risk of getting a heart disease.

When asked about the reason for such astonishing numbers about Heart Disease in India Dr. Ashok Seth says,

  • Lifestyle is one of the most obvious reasons for the country to develop a heart disease. Today’s is a competitive world with job competitiveness, educational competitiveness, meeting deadlines, stress, no exercise and eating junk all of these lead to a unhealthy heart.
  • Unhealthy lifestyle issues lead to developing of cholesterol, hypertension, diabetes and ultimately leading to blockage of arteries and a stroke.
  • Pollution is another major factor that leads to blockages of arteries, results in hypertension and youth are most vulnerable to develop all these because they mostly remain outside for work or study.
  • Another leading and very obvious factor is smoking. Youth is under stress due to one or the either reason they develop a habit of smoking and alcoholism thus digging in their own graves i.e. pushing one to develop a heart disease.

When asked about possible ways to avoid a heart disease Dr. Ashok Seth says,

  • A regular routine check-up of lipid profiles, diabetes, and cholesterol level above the age of 25 in men is very necessary. If a person is beyond 45 years of age then they should go for a complete check-up and should be very cautious about their heart health.
  • Leading a very healthy lifestyle is very important exercising for 45 minutes 5 times in a week reduces the risk of heart disease by 25%.
  • Go for tests like blood tests, ECG, exercise tests are recommended for a person to know about the functioning of heart which reveal almost 10%-20% blockage of arteries in heart.
  • CT scan and CT angiogram are very important to know about the heart health of a person. This test reveals almost 30%-40% blockage of arteries in the heart which means a person is at high risk of getting a heart disease.
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