Approximately 70 million people suffer from Diabetes in India. As our doctors say, diabetes is not just a condition but a lifestyle.Learn about diabetes, its symptoms and how best to manage your lifestyle when you have diabetes.
Diabetes is an endocrine disorder that elevates your blood sugar levels over a prolonged period of time. It is caused by the malfunctioning of the pancreatic cells, which produce insufficient or no Insulin. It is a chronic disorder which can be managed with right medication and healthy lifestyle.
Managing diabetes can feel overwhelming at times. However, understanding the deeper aspects can burst many myths and shows diabetes can be managed easily. Let’s venture out different diabetes issues and better ways to deal them.
Lifestyle changes include adopting a healthy diet and exercise plan which plays a direct role in controlling the blood glucose levels of a person living with diabetes. It is important to deal with the stress and emotional turmoil that comes with this diagnosis and so getting the right support and making lifestyle changes to successfully manage this condition is imperative.
A research conducted on 3500 patients by a school in Westminster, USA concluded that there are two major personality characteristics in the management of diabetes are the Interactive and the Independent personality.
A healthy diabetes diet aids in treating and controlling blood sugar level. Though everyone requires a balanced diet to stay healthy, diabetics need to watch out the food they eat to keep an eye on spiked blood sugar levels. Here are some healthy eating strategies which can curb diabetes.
An assortment of some yummy diabetic-friendly recipes are not bring down blood sugar levels, but are a delight to eat. Here we bring you easy and quick recipe tricks and tips, which are easy and quick to cook.
A dog bite can lead to rabies or tetanus infection. Immediate medical care is required when the bite is from a dog that has, or might have, rabies.
Symptoms of infection include redness, swelling, increased pain and oozing. A doctor should look at these symptoms right away.
India accounts for 20,000 of the 45,000 deaths due to rabies every year. Over 95 percent of the time rabies virus being transmitted through dog bites.
Always remember it’s very important to see a doctor, especially if an unfamiliar dog bit you, the bite is deep, you can’t stop the bleeding, or there are any signs of infection (redness, swelling, warmth, pus).
Treatment at home.
Place a clean towel over the injury to stop any bleeding.
Try to keep the injured area elevated.
Wash the bite carefully with soap and water.
Apply a sterile bandage to the wound.
Apply antibiotic ointment to the injury every day to prevent infection.
When you go to a doctor to treat the dog bite, be prepared for answering these questions:-
Do you know the owner of the dog?
If so, is the dog up to date on all vaccinations, including rabies?
Did the bite occur because the dog was provoked, or was the dog unprovoked?
What health conditions do you have? People with diabetes, liver disease, illnesses that suppress the immune system, and other health conditions may be at greater risk for a more severe infection.
Steps to prevent dog bite.
When choosing a dog for a family pet, pick one with a good temperament.
Stay away from any dogs you don’t know.
Never leave young children alone with a dog — especially an unfamiliar one.
Don’t try to play with any dog that is eating or feeding her puppies.
Whenever you approach a dog, do so slowly, and give the dog the chance to approach you.
If a dog becomes aggressive, do not run away or scream. Stay calm, move slowly, and don’t make eye contact with the dog.
To read more on First Aid, click on the link below.
Stones which are present in the urinary tract are referred to as urolithiasis. Kidney stones are the result of a buildup of dissolved minerals on the inner lining of the kidneys.
Stones which are present in the urinary track are referred as urolithiasis. There are various sites in the body where stones can be found
Stones present in the kidney is referred to as kidney stones or nephrolithiasis/nephroliths
Stones present in the ureter is referred to as ureterolithiasis/ureteroliths.
Stones present in the bladder is referred as cystolithiasis/cystoliths
Stones in the urethra is referred as urethrolithiasis/urethrolithiasis
The word –lithiasis is added as suffix in all these terms as ‘Lith-‘ refers to a stone, and ‘-iasis’ refers to the formation of a pathological condition. Medically, stone (a concretion) in the urinary tract is a calculus, or calculi.
What causes kidney stones?
Kidney stones are the result of a buildup of dissolved minerals on the inner lining of the kidneys. They usually consist of calcium oxalate but may be composed of several other compounds. Kidney stones grow upto the size of a golf ball while maintaining a sharp, crystalline structure.
The stones become extremely painful when they leave the body, but they can also cause extreme pain as they leave the body.
Symptoms of Stones
Kidney stones result from a build up of minerals. A kidney stone usually remains symptomless until it moves into the ureter. When symptoms of kidney stones become apparent, they commonly result in following symptoms:
Acute pain in the groin and/or side
Blood in urine
Vomiting and nausea
White blood cells or pus in the urine
Lesser amount of the urine excretion
Extreme burning sensation while urinating
Continuous feeling to urinate
Fever and chills in case there is an infection
What are the complications of kidney stones?
Kidney stones that remain inside the body can also lead to many complications such as:
Blockage of the tube connecting the kidney to the bladder, thereby obstructing the path by which the urine uses to leave the body.
It has been found that individuals with kidney stones have a significantly higher risk of developing chronic kidney disease.
What are the causes of kidney stones?
The main cause of kidney stones is a lack of water in the body. It has been found that individuals who drink less than the recommended eight to ten glasses of water a day develop stones.
Lack of sufficient amount of water fails to dilute the uric acid, a component of urine, the urine becomes more acidic. An excessively acidic environment in urine can lead to the formation of kidney stones.
Certain medical conditions such as Crohn’s disease, urinary tract infections, renal tubular acidosis, hyperparathyroidism, medullary sponge kidney, and Dent’s disease increase the risk of kidney stones.
What are the risk factors that can lead to kidney stones?
Males are more prone to suffer from kidney stones than females. People mostly in the age group of 30 to 50 are more likely to encounter stones. People with family history of stones also are more inclined to suffer from stones.
If a person ones recognizes the kidney stones is most likely to suffer from kidney stones.
Certain medications like topiramate (Topamax) also increase the chances of the kidney stones. It has also been found that people on a long term use of vitamin D and calcium supplements also increases the chances of kidney stones.
Some other causes are as below which can lead to kidney stones are as below:
A high in protein and sodium but low in calcium
A sedentary lifestyle
High blood pressure
Gastric bypass surgery,
Inflammatory bowel disease
Treatment of stones
Lithotripsy is the treatment for stones which involves treating stones shockwave and it breaks stone into minute particles.
Pain should be managed as the stone expulsion is a painful process.
Besides anti-inflammatory drugs, narcotics are at times used in an effort to make the pain of passing the stone tolerable. Antiemetic medication can be used in people experiencing nausea and vomiting.